Learning Tajweed Quran is essential because it helps to improve the pronunciation of words. If we learn the Tajweed rules of the Quran accurately, it makes our path easier towards reading the Quran in the way we are supposed to. It helps us memorize the Quranic verses, recite them, and generally read them.
In this article, we will explain the basic Tajweed rules of the Quran for both kids and adults. To recite Quran correctly and for beautifying recitation, Tajweed is necessary. Also, the Arabic language is vast, so it is essential to read it perfectly to preserve the meaning of the Quran.
Let’s have a look at Tajweed rules with examples!
Quick and Easy Tajweed Rules of the Quran:
There are some basic Tajweed rules of the Holy Quran. Learn Tajweed rules in Urdu by downloading Tajweed rules in Urdu pdf.
All Makharaj and their Pronunciation in Tajweed Rules
1- Haa (ه,هـ) and Hamza (ء) articulated from the deepest part of the throat. Hamza has a slight jerk.
2- Ayn (ع) and Haa (ح) are articulated from the middle of the throat. Ayn has no airflow, but Haa has.
3- Khaa (خ)and Gyan (غ) articulated from the top of their throats.
….. These are Haroof e Halki……
4- Qaaf (ق) articulated from the extreme back of the tongue, touching the upper palate and creating a thick sound in the tonsils area.
5- Kaaf (ك) articulated from the front of Qaaf without touching the upper palate.
…… These are pronounced from the deepest part of the tongue…
6- Jeem (ج), Yaa (ي) , and Sheen (ش) are pronounced when the middle part of the tongue comes in contact with what lies opposite to it from the roof of the mouth.
7- Dhaad (ض) is articulated from one or both sides of the tongue, the molars, and the gum area next to the molars.
8- Laam (ل) is pronounced when the front edge of the tongue touches the back gum of the upper six teeth.
….. These are letters articulating from the sides of the tongue…..
9- Tua (ط), Daal (د), and Taa (ت) are pronounced when the tip of the tongue touches the root of the front upper teeth.
10- Zaa (ز) is pronounced when teeth are pressed in a way that produces buzz sound
11- Seen (س) articulated when the tip of the tongue meets with lower teeth, it also produces a whistle
12- Suad (ص) is a thick letter. When the back of the tongue collides with the upper palate.
13- Saa (ث) is pronounced when the tip of the tongue touches the roots of upper frontier teeth.
14- Zua (ظ) is pronounced when the tongue tip touches with pressure to the upper frontier teeth’ roots, and the tongue meets the upper palate.
15- Zhaal (ذ) is pronounced when pressure is put on the middle section of the upper incisor of both jaws.
16- Raa’ (ر) is pronounced when the tip of the slightly rolled tongue, including the back, touches the gums of the upper front teeth.
17- Noon (ن) is pronounced when the tip of the tongue meets the roots of the upper incisors sharing nasal passage.
…. These are letters articulating from the tip of the tongue…
18- Faa (ف) is pronounced when the edge of the upper incisors meets the wet part inside the lower lip.
19- Wow (و) pronounced by the incomplete joining of upper and lower lips
20- Meem (م) articulated by the meeting of dry outer parts of lips. So air is pushed through the nasal passage.
21- Baa (ب) is pronounced by pressing the wet part of lips quickly.”
Learn Makharaj in Tajweed Book
Basic Tajweed Rules in English
Here is some important Arabic grammar that will be applicable o recite Quran with accurate pronunciation. Reciting Quran with Tajweed is obligatory for Muslims because any mistake in pronunciation can change the meaning of the Quran words. We recommend learning all the Tajweed rules of the Quran. Let’s move further for a better understanding of Tajweed Rules with pictures!
1- What is mad-e-Aslee?
That type of madd is performed according to the number of letters. There are three forms:
ا مدہ, و مدہ, ی مدہ
2- What is Haroof-e-Halki?
“Those letters which are articulated through the throat called Harroof-e-halki.
There are 6 letters in Tajweed rules with pictures you can see below:
3- What is Haroof-e-Leen?
“Those letters which are pronounced softly Called Haroof e Leen. These are two:
4- What is Gunn’ah –غنہ?
Pronunciation of word with the help of nose in 2 counts.
5- What is (Noon and Meem Tashdeed)?
These are letters of gunnah, as they must be pronounced on the nose.
6- What is Izhaar?
“Izhar means an expression of voice. After noon, Sakinah or tanween Haroof e Halki appears,
e.g., انعمت۔۔۔ Sakinah there is harf e halki.
7- What is Ikhfaa?
Ikhfa means suppression of voice when noon Sakinah or tanween is followed by letters other than that of Haroof e Halki.
8- What is Idghaam?
Idhgam means to put in..when noon Sakinah or tanween is followed by Haroof e Yarmaloon..we have to merge them.
من یقول with gunnah
من لدنک without gunnah
9- What is Iqlaab?
Iqlab means to change when noon Sakinah or tanween, followed by baa, means that we must change them to meem while performing gunnah.
10- What is Ikhfa Shafwi & Izhaar Shafwi?
“When meem Sakinah is followed by baa so, meem Sakinah will be pronounced with gunnah, Called Ikhfa Safwi.
When meem Sakinah followed a letter other than that of meem and baa, there will be no gunnah, Called Izhar Shafvi.”
11- What are Qalqalah and its levels?
“Making an echo or vibration at the articulation point of letters called Qalqalah. These are letters that will help you to understand Tajweed Rules in Urdu.
When a letter of Qalqalah is in the middle of a word, according to tajweed rules.
When a letter of Qalqalah is at the end of the word without shadd, and must be stopped.
When a letter of Qalqalah is at the end of a word with Shadd and has to be stopped
12- Teeth Structures in Tajweed Lessons
“Front two teeth upper… Sinaya Ulliya
Front two teeth lower… Sinaya Sufla
Left 4 (both upper and lower)… Rubayat
Then the next 4(both)… Anyab
Then the next 4 (both)… Zwahik
B th side 12…. Twahin
Last 4… Nawajiz”
13. Articulation Point & Characterization Of Letters?
“Articulation point is where the sounds are made
And there are 5 pairs of characteristics in the Tajweed rules of the Quran
اصمات، اذلا .
14. What is Madd?
“Madd means to elongate the letter. *MADD E FAR’IE*
Types of Madd
The major type of madd wherein hamzah or sukoon appears after the letter of madd.
Categories of Madd-e-Farie:
According to the Tajweed Rules of the Quran, there are four categories of Madd-e-Farie:
- Madd e Muttasil
- Madd e Munfasil
- Madd e Lazim
- Madd e Aariz
MADD E MUTTASIL
The type of madd e FAR’IE wherein hamzah appears in the same word after the letter of madd.
It attains its root from the word فصل, which literally means ‘gap’. In this type of madd e fariee mehal e madd and sabab e madd exist in separate words.
Harf e Madd at the end of the word
Hamzah at the beginning of the word
2 Alifs / 4 counts
2️- MADD E ARIZ
It takes its roots from the word عارض means’ for time being.’
There are two types of Madd-e-AAriz in tajweed rules of the Quran
- Madd e Ariz waqfee
- Madd e Ariz leen
1- Madd e Ariz waqfi
That type of madd e Ariz that display when waqf occurs.
That word at the end madda
Sakoon e Ariz
- One Alif … Kasar
- Two Alif… Tawasut
- Three Alif.. Tool.
Note: tool quantity is most recommended in the Tajweed Rules lesson
Madd e Ariz leen
That type of madd occurs when we stop during qirat.
Same word at the end with harf e leen
Sakoon e Ariz
Same as exist in the prior type of madd, but there is *Quantity of one Alif*
i.e., Qasar is recommended.”
15. What is Madd-e-Laazim?
The type of madd e fariee in which we have sakoon e Asli that obliged to perform by Allah Almighty called madd e lazim.”
Types of Madd-e-Laazim
There are 5 types of Madd-e-laazim according to tajweed rules in Urdu
- Madd e lazim harfi mukhafaf
- Madd e lazim kalmi mukhafaf
- Madd e leen lazim
- Madd e lazim harfi musaqal
- Madd e lazim kalmi musaqal
MADD E LAZIM HARFI – MUKHAFAF:
The type of madd e lazim performed on Haroof-e-muqtaa’t.
_Formula in tajweed rules_
Haroof e muqtaa’t
Harf e Madda
Sakoon e Asli
Reason of being Harfi-mukhafaf
- As haroof e muqtaa’t means those letters which have to be pronounced separately
- As we separate 6, so all made ill be performed on separate letters.”
16. What is Haroof-e-Maqta’at?
In Tajweed rules of the Quran, Muqataat is known as Fawatih (فواتح) or “openers” as they form the opening verse of the respective Surahs. In simple terms, these Arabic alphabets are referred to as ‘isolated letters of the Quran.’
17. What is Sifaat, Sifaat Istafaal, Sifaat Shiddat, Sifaat Itbaaq/Inftaah, Sifaat Azlaaq/Asmaat?
The way of pronouncing and articulating a letter is called its Siffat.
Types of Sifaat In Tajweed:
There are 5 pairs of Siffat;
( no sound of breathing rather than that recitation sound will be powerful)
( Recitation of sound will be weak and breathing still goes on)
( As the name implies, this characteristic sound will be so intense and hard that it should be stopped)
( In this, the letter’s voice of recitation will be soft, and the sound can be moved on without stopping)
( These sorts of letters are pronounced in between of above-mentioned types)
( When one pronounces such letters, his tongue uplift towards the palate)
( In this type, during pronunciation, the tongue doesn’t uplifts).”
19. What is ر کی تفخیم , ر کی ترقیق , ر کی ادائیگی ?
When we are pronouncing the letter Rabe a with Dhamma and Fatha, it will be thicker. While with Kasra, it will be lighter
Raa ki Tafkheem
1- Raa pr fathia
2- Raa pr dma
3- raa mushadaad pr zabar
4- ra musha-daad pr paish
5- raa sakeen maqabal rabar
6- raa sakeen sy phalay dma
7- raa sakeen maqabal kasra arzi
8- raa sakeen maqabal kasra dusaray lafz my
9- raa sakeen sy phalay kasra or next my haroof mustailia
10- raa sakeen maqabal sakeen maqabal paish
11- raa sakeen maqabal sakeen maqabal paish
12- raa mumala mazmoma
Raa ki Tarkik
1- raa ky nichy zair
2- raa mushadaad below zair
3- raa sakeen maqabal kasra
4- raa sakeen maqabal sakeen maqabal kasra
5- raa sakeen maqabal ya sakeen
6- raa mumala
7- raa marama maskoora
What is ر ساکن ماقبل پی , ر ساکن ماقبل کسرہ, – ر ساکن ماقبل ي ساکن ?
1- When Raa’ has fatha on it, it will be pronounced heavily
2- When Raa’ has dhamma on it, it will be pronounced heavily too.
3- When Raa’ Mushadad has dhamma, it will be pronounced more heavily as compared to Raa’Mushadad having fatha.
4- When Raa’Mushadad has Fatha, it will be pronounced heavily but with calmness.
5- Raa’ Sakinah having Zabar before, it will be pronounced heavily, and vibration should be of one count.
6- When Raa’ Sakinah has dhamma before, it will also pronounce heavily.
21. Types Of Idghaam?
1- Al Idgham As Sagheer
According to tajweed rules, it is the merging of a non-voweled letter into a voweled letter such that you have one emphasized letter of the second kind.
The ruling of Al Idgham As Sagheer
Wajib: The ruling is wajib in those instances where all the ten Qurra’ agree that there will be an Idgham.
Jai’z: The ruling is jai’z when there is a difference between the Qurra’ regarding the presence of the Idgham. Idgham Al Kamil: The first letter loses its pronunciation and characteristics.
Al Idgham An Naqis: Some of the sifaat of the first letter remain.
Al Idgham Al Kabeer: When a voweled letter merges into a voweled one, it becomes an emphasized letter of the second kind. This type of Idgham does not exist in Hafs but does exist in the riwayah of Imam Susi from Abu ‘Amr.
Idgham Al Mutamathilain
The merging of two letters that share the same sifaat and the same Makharaj. The ruling for this Idgham is wajib, as most of the Qurra’ do it. It will not occur between a wow maddiyyah and wow Mutharika or a ya maddiyyah and ya Mutharika.
Al Idgham Al Mutajanisain
The merging of two letters that share the same makhraj but not the same sifaat. There is a difference of opinion here, with some saying Ja’iz and some saying Wajib. It does not apply to throat letters that share a makhraj.
Al Idgham Al Mutaqaaribain
The merging of two letters that are close to each other in makhraj or sifaat.
As Muslims, It is our responsibility to recite Holy Quran with Tajweed rules. The purpose of writing this article is to organize all Tajweed rules of the Quran in one place. This article will help y u to learn Tajweed rules fast in one place. All Makharaj and Arabic Grammar to read Quran is included in this post for Quick learning Tajweed rules for kids and adults.